Step 1 — iPad Teardown
- It’s here! We got our hands on Apple’s newest toy, the iPad, and we can’t wait to see what’s in it. So we won’t— let’s do this!
- Contents of the box:
- Dock Connector to USB Cable
- 10W USB Power Adapter
- Before we proceed with our iPad teardown, a quick announcement: On April 22, 2010, iFixit will change repair forever.
- The iPad measures in at 242.8 x 189.7 x 13.4 mm and weighs in at 1.5 lbs.
- The significantly improved 9.7 inch LED-backlit glossy widescreen with Multi-touch is perfect for all your movie watching, e-book reading needs.
- The iPad’s model number is A1219, which doesn’t mean much. But the 3G iPad is A1337, which is rather geeky, even for Apple.
- Yes, we did turn it on—how could we not? But then we turned it right back off and started figuring out how to pry this beautiful machine apart.
- iPad, meet iPod original.
- More like: Flying saucer, meet horse & buggy.
- The iPad stacked upon a MacBook Pro, stacked upon a Dell laptop.
- Insert a metal spudger between the display and the rear case to pry the iPad open.
- What an environmentally friendly device!
- Arsenic-free display glass
- Mercury-free LCD display
- Recyclable aluminum and glass enclosure
- Environment WIN!
- Lift the display assembly away from the rear case.
- A first peek under the hood reveals two huge Li-ion Polymer batteries taking up most of the space in this device.
- Aaaand it’s off. You have no idea how glad we are that this didn’t require a heat gun.
- Words from the wise: You might break some tabs getting the display assembly off.
- Wow, what gorgeous symmetry.
- The display assembly and rear case assembly are each 350g. Talk about 50/50 weight distribution.
- The empty void in the upper right corner is where the cellular communications board will go in the 3G iPad.
- The display has a marking referencing Honeywell patent #5280371.
- It looks pretty barren, mostly because all the 3G equipment is missing.
- The 3.75V, 24.8 watt-hour battery provides the juice for an advertised 10 hours of use. In contrast, the iPhone 3GS has a 4.51 watt-hour battery and the MacBook Air has a 40 watt-hour battery.
- The USB power supply had to be enhanced specifically for the iPad. It’s a 10W unit manufactured by Foxlink Technology, Ltd., part #A1357 W010A051.
- Disconnecting the display data cable.
- Removing these connectors is a two step process. You first have the flip up the locking bar (pictured) and can then slide the cable out of the socket.
- The display data cable connector is the same style used in all of the new Unibody MacBooks.
- Disconnecting the volume, power, and screen rotation lock buttons connector.
- The main board is secured to the back panel by T4 Torx screws.
- We have never seen Apple use screws with a bit this small before.
- Top and bottom of logic board with the EMI shield on.
- It looks like this board was made by AT&S. We haven’t seen Apple’s PCB manufacturers brand their boards before.
- The logic board is about 4.5″ wide, spanning about 60% of the iPad’s width.
- Remove the EMI shield from the logic board, and presto!
- This board is markedly different than the pre-production board we uncovered.
- Markings on the A4:
- N26CGM0T 1007 APL0398 33950084 YNL184A2 1004 K4X2G643GE
- Yes, the K4X2 is a Samsung DRAM part number!
- Decoding the part number shows there is 2Gb of memory inside. This translates into ~128MB of memory per die, for 256 MB total. (NOT 512MB, as we previously reported.)
- This means the A4 processor is probably being manufactured by Samsung.
- The DRAM was stamped at the end of January, while the processor die was likely manufactured the third week of February.
- A shot of the logic board minus the steel EMI shield.
- The manufacturer of the memory has switched from Toshiba on the FCC teardown to Samsung on this device.
- 64Gbit MLC NAND flash.
- We love how much easier Samsung’s chip numbers are to interpret.
- Broadcom BCM5973 I/O controller.
- The Apple A4 is marked up much nicer than the part in the FCC photos from yesterday.
- Texas Instruments CD3240A1
- NXP: L061 01 4 ZSD950
- A reverse shot of the logic board.
- The gold strip on the curved edge most likely helps ground the board against the “steps” cut into the aluminum rear case.
- Apple part #820-2740-A.
- The Apple-branded IC on this side of the board is labeled 338S0805.
- Removing the single screw securing the dock connector cable to the rear case.
- Notably lacking from this RF/data cable is anything GPS related. Check out the FCC iPad teardown to see where the GPS will be in the 3G device.
- The 802.11n WiFi/Bluetooth card is integrated into the dock connector cable.
- Hiding under the case:
- Broadcom BCM4329XKUBG 802.11n WiFi + Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR and FM
- Dont worry, the capacitor near the lower right corner of the Broadcom chip didn’t come that way. The solder melted and it moved when we heated the steel casing to remove it.
- The speaker assembly is larger than we expected:
- The connector found on the speakers and other components is typical of the connectors seen in MacBook Unibody laptops. Translation: the iPad isn’t that cramped for space.
- Dual speakers provide mono sound. Two small sealed channels direct sound toward three audio ports carved into the bottom edge of the iPad. The audio-out jack provides stereo sound, of course.
- That’s a hulk of a battery: it weighs 148g with the casing.
- Confirming our suspicions from yesterday, the battery integrates two separate 3.75V lithium polymer cells wired in parallel for such ample battery life.
- Battery cell markings:
- 741-00310A +
- The iPad battery is a lot bigger than an iPhone 3G battery. The iPhone battery has about 1/5th the capacity provided by the iPad battery.
- The second shot shows the battery cover peeled back to expose the protection and connection circuitry for each Li-Poly battery.
- The third shot shows the other side of the battery board, which is stamped with Compeq.
- The bare rear case. The antenna behind the apple logo looks just like the antenna on the new iMacs.
- A little prying with a metal spudger is required to separate the antenna from the rear case.
- Tolerances look pretty tight in the antenna compartment. Check out that pocket just for the antenna to sit in.
- Here’s a detail shot of both WiFi antennas. The wireless reception should be decent with such dense antennas.
- Adding 3G capability to a Wi-Fi only iPad is not going to be a very feasible upgrade. Based on the photos released by the FCC, the 3G models include additional antennas as well as a plastic strip in the rear panel to improve reception
- Remove a couple screws and pull the headphone jack out of the rear case.
- As with most portable devices, the headphone jack is very well fastened to the case.
- The microphone’s right next to the headphone jack and goes through the same data cable as the headphone jack.
- Like the iPhone, it appears that the iPad features a liquid sensor in its headphone jack. If you get your iPad wet, don’t expect Apple to fix it under warranty for you.
- Ants on parade? Nope, just the T4 Torx screws holding each tab to the display assembly.
- Each clip holding the display assembly to the rear case is fastened down with its own T4 Torx screw.
- Luckily, the home button is a digital switch with its own circuit board, making replacement that much easier.
- Disassembling the display assembly.
- A thin ribbon cable connects the LED driver board to the LED backlights.
- The LED driver circuitry and the interconnects between the actual LCD and the display data cable connector are contained within the same circuit board.
- The ambient light sensor lives in a compartment that a camera would love to call home.
- We suspect that this compartment was intended for the ambient light sensor all along, and the rumors of a camera that would fit here were overzealous. The layout does look very similar to the camera’s view ports on the MacBook Pro 13″ Unibody.
- The display seems to be glued around its perimeter but can still be removed from the plastic framework.
- The display assembly weighs in at:
- 153g for the LCD
- 193g for the front glass
- The glass seems quite thick (~1.18 mm), which is not a huge surprise considering the size of the iPad. Compare that to about 1.02 mm for the iPhone.
- The iPad would require thicker glass due to the increased “lever arm” caused by pressing down at the center of the screen. This is analogous to the difficulty of bending a one inch section of a ruler compared to bending the entire twelve inch ruler.
- Some front glass/digitizer part numbers.
- The part number on the display frame reads:
- On the digitizer cable:
- Peel back the sticker, and more part numbers can be seen near the bottom of the LCD.
- The numbers read:
- A01327200 EP001A
- 10 1 25 S NE M213
- We don’t know who made this particular LCD. Do you? Another iPad we opened contained a LCD panel that was manufactured by LG.
- As always, the final layout shot.
- Here’s the weight breakdown: Aluminum back: 138 grams, Battery: 148 grams, LCD: 153 grams, Glass (and frame): 193 grams, Speaker: 17 grams, Main board: 21 grams, Everything else: 27 grams
- Total: 697 grams (that’s more than the .68 kg Apple quotes, has anyone else weighed their complete iPad?)
- This iPad may be apart, but we’ll continue to dig deeper into its chips.